Connecting to Windows VPS Using Different OS and Remote Desktop


If you’re a fan of the Windows Virtual Private Server, you should know about the Remote Desktop Protocol, RDP, which allows access to the Windows VPS remotely. Below, you will learn how to connect to the VPS, while using Remote Desktop.

Windows Operating Systems

  1. First and foremost, you will need to click on the Start Menu. From there, scroll to programs, accessories and finally Remote Desktop Connection.

      Alternatively, you can access the Start menu and use the run command to access mstsc.

  1. Once you’ve accessed the Remote Desktop Connection, you will need to enter your Server’s IP address and hit the Connect button.
  2. At this point, you will be asked to enter your Username and Password. Do so and hit the enter button.

Using Mac OS

  1. If you’re using a Mac computer, the process will be slightly different. First, you will need to download the CoRD program, which is available for free.
  2. Once the program has been installed, you will want to open it and familiarize yourself with its user interface.
  3. Now, click on the Servers icon and hit the + button. This will allow you to add a new server.
  4. Now, insert your Server’s IP address and adjust the port number, if necessary.
  5. Add your username and password, before completing the process.
  6. Double click the server to login to your VPS.

Linux OS

  1. Linux users will need to utilize the rdeskop application, which is open source and can be downloaded for free.
  2. After the application has been installed, you will want to open the command prompt and enter the follow.
  • Rdesktop VPS_IP_Address – This should be entered, if the default port is used
  • Rdesktop VPS_IP_Address:portnumber – This should be entered, if using a unique port
  1. Now, you will be asked to enter your username and password. After doing so, you will want to click on the arrow button to login.

Take note that Remote Desktop Connection functionality is only available for dedicated services and VPS, which use the Windows operating system. Shared Hosting cannot support this feature.

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Protecting Data On Your SSD Using SafeGuard Device Encryption

Protecting Data On Your SSD Solid-State Drive Using SafeGuard Device Encryption

At this point in the game, you should understand the importance of encryption for keeping your data safe and sound. One of the best ways to protect the data on your SSD drives is by utilizing SafeGuard Device Encryption. This specific technique is accessible for all operating systems and it’ll be explored in greater depth below.

  1. Protecting Your Data with SafeGuard Device Encryption

With SafeGuard, it is possible to encrypt entire disks and drives. With the software, you can opt to encrypt your computer on a sector-by-sector basis. Once the process has concluded, there will be no plain text sectors left and your computer will be completely protected.

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Discover Steps to Sync Two Apache Web Servers Using Rsync

Sync Server

Do you have a mirrored server of your current server to take the backup when it fails? No, then you need to have a mirror of your web server which can be created with Rsync. This will help to take backup of your failed server without any issues of downtime. Creating a web server backup is a good as well as effective way for small and medium size web businesses.
Let’s learn to setup rsync to create a mirror of your web server –
You will require two servers –
Main Server –
IP Address:
Host name:

Backup Server –
IP Address:
Host name:

Step 1 – Rsync Installation
In this tutorial, web server data of will be mirrored on Firstly, install Rsync on both the servers by running the following command

[root@tecmint]# yum install rsync [On Red Hat based systems]
[root@tecmint]# apt-get install rsync [On Debian based systems]

Step 2 – Creating User to run Rsync
Rsync can be setup with root user but due to security issues you have to create an unprivileged user on the main server – to run rsync.

[root@tecmint]# useradd tecgeek
[root@tecmint]# passwd tecgeek

Here the user created as an example is techgeek and also assigned a password.

Step 3 – Testing Rsync Setup
Now, you need to test your rsync setup on your backup server ( and to do so run the following command

[root@backup www]# rsync -avzhe ssh /var/www

You will get the output as below –'s password:
receiving incremental file list
sent 128 bytes received 32.67K bytes 5.96K bytes/sec
total size is 12.78M speedup is 389.70

This shows that your rsync is working smoothly and is synching data. Here “/var/www” is used to transfer. The folder location can be changed as per your needs.

Step 4 – Automating Sync with SSH Passwordless Login
Let’s setup a cron for rsync. Since rsync will be used with SSH protocol, SSH will ask for authentication and if password isn’t provided to cron it won’t work. For cron to make work smoothly, setting up passwordless SSH logins for rsync is a must.
In this example, it’s been done as root to prevent file ownerships too and it can also be done for alternative users too.
Firstly, generate a private and public key with the commands below on backup server (

[root@backup]# ssh-keygen -t rsa -b 2048

Don’t provide passphrase after entering this command and click enter for Empty passphrase so that rsync cron will sync data without any password.
Output will be as below for example –

Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/root/.ssh/id_rsa):
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):
Enter same passphrase again:
Your identification has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_rsa.
Your public key has been saved in /root/.ssh/
The key fingerprint is:
The key's randomart image is:
+--[ RSA 2048]----+
| .o. |
| .. |
| ..++ . |
| o=E * |
| .Sooo o |
| =.o o |
| * . o |
| o + |
| . . |

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Gen 2 VMs – What Exactly You Should Know About Them?

Hyper-v (1)

Tech geeks are always into a new search for smoothening their life and this time they have come up with Generation 2 (Gen 2) VMs. What are Gen 2 VMs? We all are familiar with Microsoft Hyper-V virtual servers and Generation 2 VMs are those that use the second generation of virtual hardware. Introduced with Windows Server 2012 R2, Gen VMs are hypervisor aware that indicates that these VMs don’t rely on synthetic or emulated hardware.

Gen 2 VMs though offer several advantages, don’t plunge into the new format unless some significant limitation are considered. These limitations may not make them a right choice for your business environment. Many experts are now recommending a cautious approach towards Gen 2 VMs. Below is a list of five pointers that will help you cut through the hype and make a decision about using a Generation 2 VM.

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KVM – Setting up the cluster with Proxmox


* Summary
* Installation Process
* Storage space provision
* Backup and Restore
* Hot Failover
* Configuration of Network


Proxmox VE (virtual environment) is an operating system dedicated to the operation of virtual machines based on KVM. It includes a Debian 7 environment, and integrates the service apache to access the web configuration interface. As oVirt, it approaches VMware vCenter. They are both more and less competitors.

Proxmox VE is available free under a free license. In addition, it offers the paid support as well (via forum, support, application developers) and a paid email security solution.

Features of Proxmox

  • Snapshots of VMs (+RAM, Disk)
  • Virtual machines migration without interruption
  • Clustering option for high availability
  • Virtual machines backup and restoration

It also allows to:

  • Support authentication with PAN, Active Directory
  • Roles and groups administration
  • VLANs management for VM

So let’s see how we can setup a cluster on two servers with Proxmox.

Process of Installation

It only takes a few minutes to install Proxmox on each server. Latter, very few parameter need to be completed such as the IP address, the server name, the language and the administrator password – root for Linux. Proxmox is responsible to install the required packages with dependencies. That is to say, the packets corresponding to virtualization with KVM and elements necessary for configuring a web server in order to access the virtual machine management interface.

Unfortunately Proxmox does not leave us the choice to manage partition sizes. It creates the following partitions:

  • First partition contains the system
  • Second partition contains storage of virtual machines

Once the installation done, we can access the interface via the IP address of the physical server. Just after the authentication, we come to the view that displays the main information of our infrastructure, both physical and virtual servers, storage spaces, backups and restores. It also includes parts such as server configuration, authentication, permissions, etc… The bottom frame displays actions, the results of operations performed on the servers.

Cluster Setup

We will create the cluster on the primary server:

pvecm create your-cluster-name

On the secondary server:

pvecm add cluster-IP-address

This will simplify the management of both servers, as it appears as a single interface.

Storage Space Provision
Here, we are using Debian server with RAID and LVM to store virtual machines: The tree structure is as follows to store virtual machines backups and ISO images:

mkdir –p /home/partageNFS/VM
mkdir /home/partageNFS/backupVM
mkdir /home/partageNFS/ISO 

There are several solutions to add storage space under Proxmox. Here, we will install the NFS (Network File System).

ptitude install nfs-server

The configuration for this part used:

vi /etc/exports
/home/partageNFS/VM             *(rw,sync,no_subtree_check)
/home/partageNFS/backupVM       *(rw,sync,no_subtree_check)
/home/partageNFS/ISO            *(rw,sync,no_subtree_check)

Note: A service restart is necessary for the changes to be taken into account.

/etc/init.d/nfs-kernel-server restart

Adding on the cluster storage spaces:
This step we are doing for VM directory backup and ISO, specifying the content that goes well.

Backup and Restore
Proxmox offers several types of backup options, either by stopping the VM or hot backup without service interruption. What is interesting here is the continuity of service so we can develop the hot Snapshot without disturbing the services. Proxmox uses vzdump tool, which not only allows us to save but also restore the virtual machines. Vzdump is a PERL script based on the following commands:

* TAR, GZIP: for backup compression,
* RSYNC: for the copy of the virtual machine
* LVM: LVM partition is mounted to store entries that occur during backup.

While creating logical volumes, think it will leave some free space in the volume group to create a temporary logical volume for Snapshot. Here is the command for execution by the system during a backup Snapshot Mode:

vzdump VM Name --mode SNAPSHOT --storage DESTINATION --node server name

Other arguments are also possible such as compression, -compress COMPRESSION TYPE.

You can also schedule automatic backup of one or more VMs from Monday to Sunday:

A restore wizard available in the Proxmox is very handy, simple and effective solution, offers the destination path of the virtual machine that you want to restore and name. The machine will be recreated on the server where you will restore the image.

In the versions that proceeded to 2.3, the restore utility was the TAR. Since then, the 2.3 “VMA” replaces the old backup format. So this tool will allow us to restore the backup of a virtual machine using the following command:

vma extract -v -r / name of the machine restored

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Virtual switches in Hyper-V


i. Summary
ii. Virtual Switch Types
iii. Virtual Switch Creation
iv. Extensions
v. Address Range of MAC


In the world of virtualization, it is not only about virtual machines but also switches, moreover VMware offers the “vSwitch” and Hyper-V itself offers “Virtual Switches”. Today, we will see how to create and configure a vSwitch under Hyper-V hypervisor.

These virtual switches are layer 2, that is to say, it determines the path to be taken by an Ethernet packet using the MAC addresses of the devices.

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Tips On Troubleshooting Slow Transfer Speeds

It is a fact that most slow transfer speeds are linked to the Internet router. Dedicated Servers are hardly to blame for these poor performance issues, which mean they are out of the reach for hosting companies to eliminate. The performance may be slowed down due to the route of data transfer, which is also why you are currently experiencing packet loss or slowdowns.

If an error occurs and you believe that there may be a problem with the data route, you should immediately perform a “traceroute” to the path that your data travels. With the results, you should open up a support request to provide your host provider with the information. If you have any difficulties with this process, be sure to contact your host provider and request support.

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How to assign a Dedicated IP Address Through WHM For your Dedicated Server

If you are a Webmaster, you should be thoroughly familiar with the WHM program. The WHM, Web Host Manager, is available through your control panel. If you wish to assign a dedicated IP address to your virtual or dedicated server, you will need to utilize this feature. Obviously, having a dedicated IP address can be very beneficial, so the majority of virtual server or dedicated server package customers will want to take full advantage of it!

Before Moving Forward

Before you adjust these parameters, you should know that doing so could result in your website appearing to be down and inaccessible for several hours. Before you make the changes, it is recommended that you inform your visitors in advance. At the same time, it is best to schedule this update, during your site’s slower hours. This will help to limit inconveniences and complaints.

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Set Up Your Own Dedicated Game Server With This Simple Tutorial

Dedicated Game Server

The online gaming world has completely changed its face in comparison to early days of gaming. You can play with a group and also against several strangers. Want to enjoy weekend gaming marathon with your group of friends? Simply set up your own online gaming server and play as and when you want. Everyone gets connected to the same dedicated gaming server without the need to find everyone on a commercial server open to all. Also, there won’t be the disturbance from strangers for playing.

One other benefit of a dedicated game server is that even if something goes wrong on your gaming machine and you need to reboot the system, others can still continue playing the game. So, let’s learn to set up a dedicated game server.

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Understanding the Dedicated Server Bandwidth

Dedicated Server bandwidth

What is bandwidth? In terms of computers, a typical definition of bandwidth by Internet Service Providers (ISP) is given as a data transfer rate. To be specified it is actually the amount of data that the network is enable to transport from one area to other during a particular time period, usually it’s one second. Or you can say that bandwidth means the total amount of data downloaded from and uploaded to a server in a specific time period. This type of bandwidth is calculated in various terms like Kilobits per second or kbps and Megabits per second or mbps. When more bandwidth is required it is calculated in Gigabits per second or Gbps.

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